A.E. YAblokov, A.V. Ivaschenko, I.M. Fedyaev, V.P. Tlustenko, I.N. Kolganov, M.G. Samutkina
ФГБОУ ВО «Самарский государственный медицинский университет» Министерства здравоохранения Российской Федерации
Currently, the standard of implant quality is the use of cylindrical or cone-shaped dental implants. The strength with which the implant is inserted should not be more than 45–50 N∙cm. Osteointegration occurs 3–4 months after implantation on the lower jaw and 4–6 months on the upper. When setting up a dental implant, you should observe the permissible angle of inclination of their axis – up to 5–7º. Deviation from this range creates difficulties in the subsequent prosthetics, as well as violates the aesthetics and functionality. If the implant loading is incorrectly calculated, there are changes in the bone tissue surrounding the implant, up to its resorption. Materials and methods. The collection of clinical material was carried out on the basis of the SFM of SamSMU in the period from 2015 to 2018. Implantation was performed in 32 people using the «free hand» technique. Negative results of implantation were observed in patients entering the age group of 45–65 years. Periimplantitis was observed in the projection of the missing tooth 2,2 (d implant 3,75×8,0), tooth 3.5 (d implant 3,75×11,5). All implanted implants belonged to «MISS». Conclusions. As a result of the analysis of the obtained data, it can be concluded that the largest distribution of angular deviations was observed in the sagittal plane, in contrast to the frontal, which is probably due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the wrist joint.
dental implantation, angular deviations, implant axis.
Иващенко Александр Валериевич – д. м. н., доцент кафедры ортопедической стоматологии, Самарский государственный медицинский университет, директор ООО «Инновационный стоматологический центр», e-mail: email@example.com